The Jungle by Upton Sinclare was the novel I chose to read for this final section. This book was 359 pages long with 31 chapter inside. From beginning to end, this book had detail unlike any I have ever read in the past this year. The way this novel was structured was a one sided view of how the industrial age was horrible to live in. Sinclare hated this time and used this book to show how bad it really was. Two very major character in the book happen to be a couple.
There names are Jurgis Ruckus and Ona Lukoszaite. The couple meet in Lithuania, where the book begins, and later move to Chicago in search of a better life. Jurgis is a young Lithuanian immigrant that is well minded. He is very eager to find work and be a good husband. His main purpose in life is to protect his love, Ona.
Jurgis is very determined to make the best of everything and believes that he will have a happy ending. He sadly is mistaken when he finds out how hard life can actually be. His wife dies while have her second baby. He becomes depressed and some what crazed. Through out the book, Jurgis gets many jobs. Such jobs include working at the meat house, the steel mill, the fertilizer plant, digging holes and at a porter.
Also through the book we come to find out that Jurgis has a bad temper. Many times in the book he gets into fights and is eventually hauled to jail each time. Lucky Jurgis is able to land on his feet after every obstacle. As for Jurgis’s counter part Ona, her story is a bit different. Ona is basically her husbands opposite. She has blue eyes and fair skin, he has dark hair and tan skin.
... is a fascinating and exciting concept. Just imagine the many lives ... book. To realize that a book may have traveled through numerous hands and a century of time ... the joy and anticipation when visiting used book stores. They are everywhere, and they ... for those who visit book stores and libraries. The books are there like faithful ...
She is small and tiny for her age whereas he is a huge monster. She has education and Jurgis has none. While living in America with Jurgis, her life is a rough one at that. She has many distractions in her way. She must walk in the rain to a job that she hates.
After she returns to work early after the childbirth, she grows sick. We later find out that she has tuberculosis. Although too poor to get doctors, she strives on. Some of her strange behavior around the house are attributed to her secret life and a mistress for her boss. He takes advantage of her, telling her he will fire the whole family if she does not do as she is told. Ona later gets pregnant at the age of 18 with her second child.
Because of her sickly state, she dies while trying to conceive the baby. After her death many people grieve, one of them being Ona’s stepmother. Ona’s stepmothers name is Elizbieta Lukoszaite. She is the link to the past.
She is the one who keeps the sense and morals to the whole family. Elizbieta is the one who insists on a tradition wedding and a proper funeral. She is the one that keeps hope alive. Another inspiration is Marija. Marija Berczynskas is the one with the best bets of surviving in America.
She has many great traits that set her apart from the others. She is a leader and conqueror. Butte come to find out that all isn’t what it seems to be. The main setting in this book is in Chicago, Illinois between 1900 and 1904.
Most of the book takes place here. The setting of this city is a good one because Chicago is one of many place where many immigrants went to when they came to this country. Another place where the book it told at is Lithuania. Lithuania is where the families originate from. There is where Jurgis falls in love with Ona and where Ona’s father dies. In Lithuania is where the decision was made to move to America in the first place.
The book starts off in Lithuania days before the fair. At the fair Jurgis is told by father that he must sell two of his horses. At the fair is where Jurgis meets Ona. At the moment of site, Jurgis falls head over heels for her, love at first site.
... trying to do what was best for the family yet the father was being put down for that. This ... relation between a boy and his father is well described in the father. The father is very caring, honest, and ... than before. The blackberries symbolized the relationship the father has for his son, like blackberries, will grow ... People reflect upon their lives trying to find out when the age of innocence has ...
There is a problem here though, Ona is fourteen and Jurgis is close to twenty five years old. Because of there age, Ona’s father will not let him have her. after the fair, he goes home in disappoint. the next time he see’s her, her father is now dead, his farm is sold, and Ona’s family is in poverty. Still the only thing that kept Jurgis from marrying Ona is Ona’a stepmother, Elizbieta. Since Ona’s family is going into poverty, Jonas, Elizbieta brother, suggests that they move to America to find a better future.
Later that week, they all set out to Chicago in search of a new life. Ona’s whole family goes along with Jurgis and his father. Once in Chicago, the first order of business was to find shelter and work. Jurgis found a job as a sweeper in a meat-packing plant.
Ona was given a job sewing covers onto hams. Marijafound work as a can painter. even little Stanislovas got a job placing empty cans under jets of lard, for five cents and hour. With everyone working this way, they were able to save up enough money for the wedding. The wedding that took place was not a cheerful one. The pressures of work, poverty and sickness made there sprits grow weak.
When winter came around, the nights grew cold, and soon Jurgis’s father passed away. He worked out a funeral that wouldn’t make them go bankrupt. A couple winters passes and thing got harder and harder. Ona had a baby boy and harms her health by going to work to early. A short time later Ona got pregnant again. Soon Jurgis discovers that Ona is having an affair with her boss, Phil Connor.
She is having an affair to keep her job because he threatens to fire the whole family. When Jurgis finds out about this he nearly kills Connor. Because of the beating, Jurgis is taken to jail. After the release out of jail, Jurgis finds out that the family was evicted from their house. They move back to the lodging house where they first moved to. Then Jurgis finds Ona and tries to have an abortion, but to no avail, both Ona and the baby die.
Now since Jurgis has his first son, he gets a job and tries to support him. After nine day, he is laid off. His son accidentally drowns and dies. Jurgis becomes a hobo and turns his back on Chicago. When he finally comes back he gets a new job digging tunnels.
... their job demands and their desire to spend more time with their families. These findings underscore the importance of the topic of work-family ... has primarily investigated how work interferes or conflicts with family. Outcomes associated with excessive work interference with family include job dissatisfaction, job burnout, turnover, depression, life ...
An on the job injury lands him in the hospital. When he recovers he makes his way to a bar where he gets drunk and beats up the bartenders. He goes to jail again. After his bail is posted he gets a job as a Foreman for the original company he worked for. While working there he beats up Phil Connor fora second time. Again he goes to jail.
After his bail is posted for the last time, he becomes a bum. When on the streets he runs into an old friend. He tells Jurgis the address of Marija. He soon finds out that she is a prostitute. He tries to make her give up that profession, but to no avail. After he leaves in disappointment, he lands a new job as a porter for a major hotel.
Elizbieta and her children move in with him and the book shortly ends. A literary device in this book is used through flashbacks. In chapter one we begin in Chicago. In chapter two we flash back to Lithuania.
It is here where we learn details about the background of the main characters. We find out about Jurgis, Ona, and the rest of her family. When we are brought back here, we end up comparing the two different worlds. We compare the peasant world in Lithuania and with the industrially world of Chicago. I think the authors main idea of this book was to show how awful it was to live in the industrial age. To show how incredibly hard it was to suffers though all the hardship that it came with.
He tried to show sympathy to everyone that had to go through it. Sinclare did a very good job at that in this book. He accomplished his goal. Upton Sinclare style is one that is bold. He is very straight forward with his writing.
Upton come right to you and tells us how it is. Sinclare describes everything to get his point across. An example is “Belching smokestacks and the smell of rotting garbage.” He goes to great lengths to prove his point of how terrible it was live back then. Another example is when he describe the slaughtering if a hog in chapter three.
The scene is very disgusting and is made in to a point. The point was that immigrants back then were lead to slaughter just as the animals were when they came to America.