The American College Chapter 5 Question No 1: Describe the four basic levels of international business activity. Do you think any organization will achieve the fourth level? Why or why not. Question No 2: For each of the four globalization strategies, describe the risks associated with that strategy and the potential returns from that strategy. Answer for question No 1: The four general levels of international buisnesse activity are: 1.
Domestic business 2. International business 3. Multinational business 4. Global business. Domestic Business: Is the one that acquires all of its resources and sells all of its products ot services within a single country.
(8/143) Interational business: Is the one that is based primarily in a single country but acquires some meaningful share of its resources or revenues (ot both) from o the countries. (8/143) Multinational business: The one that has a worldwide marketplace from which it buys raw materials, borrows money, and manufactures its products and to which it subsequently sells its products. (8/143) Global business: Is the business that transcends national boundaries and is not committed to a single home country. (8/143) In my opinion there is no opportunity for a business to achieve this level of I internationalization. The reason is that all business in all over the world are control ed by the government which are committed. There is no way for a business which is spread-out in all over the world with high revenues and big profits not to be controlled by no one.
The Essay on Toward a Typology of Food Security in Developing Countries,Governance Division, and International Food Policy Research Institute.
... of food is dependent on international relations between countries and international organizations such as the ... , 29, 4, pp. 271- 291. Business source complete, EBSCOHost, viewed 13 December 2014. ... management of production and product copyrights.Different countries and regions have unique approaches ... because of food wastageat the production level. Perishable foodstuff requires quick transportation ...
Answer for question No 2: The four globalization strategies are the following: 1. Importing and exporting 2. Licensing 3. Strategic alliances 4.
Direct investments In all of those strategies there are many risks and of course many efforts. In Importing / exporting, the main risk is that, the products are not adapted to local conditions, and they may miss the needs of a large segment of the market… On the other hand the effort of imports / exports is that you can get in the market of your country with a small outlay of capital. In licensing the main risk is that the licensing firm can lose profits if the licensee does not develop the market effectively. This could happen only if the firm tie up control of its product or expertise for a long time period. In addition the advantages of licensing are increased profitability and extended profitability.
In strategic alliances the main advantage is that the two or more firms that are cooperating may allow a quick entry into the market by taking advantage of the existing strengths of participants. In addition strategic alliances are also an effective way to gain access to technology or row material, and they allow the firms to share the risk of cost of the new venture. Finally many firms make direct investment in order to capitalize on lower labor costs. On the other hand in direct investment there is a great economic and political risk, which may cost lots of troubles in the profit and of course in the firm. (8/145-148) Type-Terms Chapter 5: Domestic Business: Is the one that acquires all of its resources and sells all of its products ot services within a single country.
Interational business: Is the one that is based primarily in a single country but acquires some meaningful share of its resources or revenues (ot both) from o the countries. Multinational business: The one that has a worldwide marketplace from which it buys raw materials, borrows money, and manufactures its products and to which it subsequently sells its products. Global business: Is the business that transcends national boundaries and is not committed to a single home country. Exporting: Making a product in the firm’s domestic marketplace and selling it in another country. Importing: Bring a good, service, or capital into the home country from abroad. Licensing: An arrangement whereby on company allows another company to use its brand name, trademark, technology, patent, copyright, or other assets in exchange for a royalty based on sales.
... to this theory, it allows trade between countries to improve their consumption of the goods in the market. This will raise production ... been earned. The knowledge of comparative advantage enables countries to trade with other countries more efficiently and knowing the opportunity cost than ... . When he was 14, Ricardo joined his father's business and showed a good grasp of economic affairs. However, ...
Strategic alliance: A cooperative arrangement between two or more firms for mutual gain. Joint venture: A special type of strategic alliance in which the partners share in the ownership of an operation on an equity basis. Direct Investment: When a firm headquartered in one country builds or purchases operating facilities ot subsidiaries in a foreign country. Maquiladoras: Light assembly plants built in not hern Mexico close to the U. S border which are given special tax breaks by the Mexican government. Market economy: An economy based on the private ownership of business which allows market factors such as supply and demand to determine business strategy.
Market systems: Clusters of countries that engage in high levels of trade with one another. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): An agreement between the United States, Canada and Mexico to promote trade with one another. European Union (EU): The first ans most important international market system. Pacific Asia: A market system located in Southeast Asia.
GATT: A trade agreement intended to promote international trade by reducing trade barriers and making it easier for all nations to compete in international markets. World Trade Organization (WTO): An organization, with currently includes 140 members nations and 32 observer countries, that requires members to open their markets to international trade and follow WTO rules. Infrastructure: The schools, hospitals, power plants, railroads, highways, ports, communication systems, air fields, and commercial distribution systems of a country. Nationalized: Taken over by the government.
... . Even though, the law was so good in the country did not mean that market system was in phase. In fact, the banking ... china even more by deepening home economic reforms and world trade organization The leadership of china has been striving to improve ... of Chicago press. Rotberg, R. I. (2008). China into Africa: Trade, aid, and influence. Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution Press.
Tariff: A tax collected on goods shipped across national boundaries. Quota: A limit on the number or value of goods that can be traded. Export restraint agreements: Accords reached by governments in which countries voluntarily limit the volume or value of goods they export to or import from one another. Economic community: A set of countries that agree to markedly reduce or eliminate trade barriers among member nations (a formalized market system).
Social orientation: A person’s beliefs about the relative importance of the individual versus groups to which that person belongs. Power orientation: The beliefs that people in a culture hold about the appropriateness of power and authority differences in hierarchical such as business organizations. Uncertainty orientation: The feeling individuals have regarding uncertain and ambiguous situations Goal orientation: The manner in which people are motivated to work toward different kinds of goals. Time orientation: The extent to which members of a culture adopt a long-term versus a short-term outlook on work, life, and other elements of society. Bibliography Griffin 8 th edition Management Ricky W. Griffin Texas A&M University Houghton Mifflin Company Boston New York.